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7 to 12 months

By 7 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby may be able sit without support. They may use their hands to prop themselves sideways to protect themselves from falling.

Fine motor

Your baby will grasp a cube by clutching it between their fingers and the palm of their hands.

Communication and hearing

They’ll make random babbling sounds.

Social and emotional

They’ll ‘make strange’ with people they don’t know or have not seen for some time.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will bang and shake toys.

By 8 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will be able to get themselves into a sitting position.

Fine motor

Your baby will be able to grasp a small object between their thumb and the side of their index finger.

Communication and hearing

They’ll make the ‘dada’ sound randomly and not only when their father is present.

Social and emotional

Your baby can start playing ‘peek-a-boo’.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will pick an object up after it falls.

By 9 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will pull themselves to a standing position. They’ll crawl on their hands and knees.

Fine motor

Your baby will be able to grasp a cube using their thumb and fingertips.

They’ll be able to grasp a small object using their thumb and the second finger on their hand.

Communication and hearing

They’ll wave “bye bye” and say “mama” at different times of the day – not just when saying goodbye and greeting their mother.

Social and emotional

Your baby will ring a bell on toys. They can suffer from separation anxiety (distress when being parted from a parent or another carer).

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will start to understand that objects continue to exist even when they are not seen. For example, when you hide a toy under a blanket they will uncover the blanket to find it.

By 10 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby may walk around furniture while holding onto the edge.

Fine motor

Your baby will be able to isolate their index finger and use it to poke at things.

Communication and hearing

They’ll understand what “no” means and may use the words “Dada” and “Mama” in the right situations.

Social and emotional

Your baby will respond to positive recognition such as clapping.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will bang 2 cubes together. They’ll isolate their index finger and explore through poking.

By 11 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby may stand alone.

Fine motor

Your baby may use their index finger and thumb to pick up objects.

Communication and hearing

They may copy simple sounds and may say their first word.

Social and emotional

Your baby will start to develop a concept of self. This means they will start to develop a social identity and an understanding of who they are.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will uncover a toy hidden beneath a blanket or cup.

By 12 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby may take their first steps without help.

Fine motor

Your baby may use their index finger and thumb to pick up small objects.

Communication and hearing

They’ll start to point at objects they want to show you, such as a toy. They do this to share this experience or interest with you.

Social and emotional

Your baby will play by themselves. This is called solitary play. They will offer a toy to their reflection in a mirror.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will remove a lid to find toys. They’ll use their hands to throw toys onto the floor and follow the toys with their eyes.

Page last reviewed: 03/12/2018
Next review due: 03/12/2021