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Vitamins and minerals your baby needs while weaning

Vitamin D

All babies should get a 5 microgram dose of vitamin D3 from 0 to 12 months every day as a supplement.

Iron

Iron is important to help your baby grow and develop. It is an important part of the pigment in red blood cells called haemoglobin. This carries oxygen and prevents iron deficiency anaemia.

Your baby needs to get iron from solid foods of a suitable consistency from 6 months old. This is because their stores of iron are depleted.

Good food sources of iron

Iron from meat is easily absorbed. Meat source include:

  • beef
  • pork
  • lamb
  • chicken
  • turkey

Non-meat sources - this form of iron is not so easily absorbed, see vitamin C below. Non-meat sources include:

  • eggs
  • baked beans, lentils, dark green leafy vegetables, such as cabbage, broccoli, spinach
  • cereals with added iron
  • dried fruits, such as raisins, sultanas, apricots

Related topic

Iron in your child's diet

Vitamin C

Vitamin C helps the absorption of iron in the body when eaten at the same time as non-meat sources.

Good food sources of vitamin C include:

  • oranges or mandarins
  • plums
  • berries, such as strawberries, blueberries, raspberries
  • kiwi fruit
  • broccoli
  • cauliflower
  • peppers

Omega 3

Omega 3 is important for brain and eye development.

Oily fish like salmon, trout, mackerel or sardines are good sources of omega 3. These can be tinned, fresh or frozen.

Include two 1oz portions of oily fish a week from 7 months of age.

Page last reviewed: 15/03/2018
Next review due: 15/03/2021