As you get older, your body is less able to break down alcohol. You are also more vulnerable to the harmful effects of alcohol.
Over 55s are as likely as many younger people to drink at harmful levels. Older people also tend to drink more often than younger people.
Your body works less efficiently when you get older, including your liver. This means you can process alcohol less well. The same amount of alcohol can have a more damaging effect on your body as you get older.
Alcohol can cause many health problems, such as:
Too much alcohol can also worsen existing health conditions, such as:
Alcohol also affects brain functions more in older people. This increases problems with coordination, memory and judgement.
This can make you more vulnerable to accidents and injuries, such as:
- road traffic accidents
- forgetting to turn off electrical appliances or lock doors
You are also more at risk of being exploited or abused by someone else if your judgment is affected by alcohol.
Some people drink alcohol to relieve feelings of sadness, loneliness, stress or worry.
While alcohol may make you feel better for a little while, it is not a healthy way to cope. The feelings of anxiety and depression will come back again, often worse than before.
Your tolerance to alcohol lowers as you get older. This can mean you drink more to get the same effect as before. This can cause more harm to your body and mind. It can also be a warning sign that you are becoming dependent on alcohol.
Alcohol and medications
Alcohol can interfere with medications you are taking. It can stop medicines from working or increase their effects. For example, alcohol can make the sedative effect of tranquillisers much stronger.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the medicines you are taking. They can tell you if it is safe to drink alcohol with them.
What to do if an older person is drinking in a harmful way
It can be easy to miss the signs that alcohol is harming an older person. You may mistake them for other problems.
Signs that alcohol is harming an older person include:
- problems sleeping
- cognitive impairment, memory or concentration disturbance
- frequent falls and unexplained bruising
- low mood or depression
- incontinence, urinary retention
- poor hygiene and self-neglect
- unexplained nausea and vomiting
- changes in eating habits
- slurred speech
- tremors (shaking), poor coordination, shuffling walk
- seizures (fits)
Explore some of the reasons they may be drinking
Some common reasons are:
- coping with bereavement
- coping with a loss of career or social status
- social isolation, loneliness and boredom
- dealing with getting older
- losing independence or self-esteem
- feeling more frail or unwell
- needing help with daily living, reduced coping skills
- managing the stress of caring for an elderly partner or family member or family conflict
- physical problems – disability, pain, trouble sleeping
- the upheaval of moving into residential care
Support them in finding healthier ways to cope
Find out about services for older people in their area, including:
- social activities
- carers’ support
- mental health support services
Help them to develop interests and activities that don’t involve alcohol.
- rediscover interests and activities they had in the past
- take up a new hobby
- find opportunities to socialise or volunteer
Help them get medical advice for physical problems. This will avoid them ‘self-medicating’ with alcohol.
Offer company, practical support and a listening ear.