What happens at a cervical screening test appointment

During cervical screening a small sample of cells is taken from your cervix for testing.

The test itself should take less than 5 minutes. The whole appointment should take about 15 minutes.

In many GP practices and clinics, you will be able to:

  • ask for a female GP or nurse to take your screening test
  • have a friend or family member in the room with you

You will be asked to wear a mask during your appointment.

Before your cervical screening test

It's useful to bring your Personal Public Service (PPS) number with you. This will help us to make sure we identify your correct records so that we can keep them up-to-date.

Before starting, the GP or nurse should explain what will happen during the test.

You should be told:

  • that your sample will be tested for HPV first – this is because of HPV cervical screening
  • the benefits and limitations of screening
  • the screening test process
  • how your data will be shared
  • to sign a consent form

If you have never had penetrative sex, you may find the test uncomfortable. Discuss this with your GP or practice nurse. They are there to help you feel comfortable.

Illustration of a womb, cervix and vagina overlaid on a body with lines pointing to them from text with the name of each part
Your cervix is the opening of your womb from your vagina.

How cervical screening is done

  1. You will need to undress from the waist down and lie on a bed. You can usually remain dressed if you're wearing a loose skirt.
  2. The GP or nurse will ask you to lie back on a bed, usually with your legs bent, feet together and knees apart. You can lie on your side if it’s more comfortable for you.
  3. They'll gently put a smooth, tube-shaped tool (a speculum) into your vagina - this holds the walls of the vagina open. A small amount of lubricant may be used.
  4. The nurse will open the speculum so they can see your cervix.
  5. Using a soft brush, they'll take a small sample of cells from your cervix.
  6. The GP or nurse will remove the speculum and leave you to get dressed.
  7. They will put the sample in a pot to send to a lab.
  8. The lab will check the sample for HPV first. If HPV is found, the sample will also be checked for abnormal cells.
A pair of blue-gloved hands holding a plastic transparent speculum which has a small white brush at its centre
A speculum (plastic or metal) and soft brush are used to take a sample of cells from your cervix

Some women find the screening test slightly uncomfortable or embarrassing, but for most women it's not painful.

If you find the test painful, tell the GP or nurse as they may be able to reduce your discomfort.


You can ask the GP or nurse to stop at any time.

Things that can make the test easier

Things you can try that might make the test better for you include:

  • wearing something you can leave on during the test, like a skirt or long jumper
  • bringing someone with you for support
  • taking slow, deep breaths to help you relax
  • asking the GP or nurse to use a smaller speculum
  • asking the GP or nurse about lying in a different position

Things to look out for after cervical screening

You may have some spotting or light bleeding after your test. This is very common and should go away in a few hours.

Non-urgent advice: See a GP if you have:

  • heavy bleeding after cervical screening
  • any bleeding after cervical screening that does not stop after a few hours

Giving your consent

You’ll be asked to give consent each time you have a screening test by signing a form called a cervical screening form.

You'll be given the form at your appointment. You should be given time before your screening test to read it.

If you would like to see the form, you can download the cervical screening form (PDF, 3 pages, 500KB).

Only you can give your consent.

This is to confirm that you:

  • have been told about cervical screening and its benefits and limitations
  • understand this information
  • have checked that your name, address and other details are correct
  • allow us to receive, hold and exchange your personal information with those who deliver the programme

If you cannot sign the form, you will be asked to give your consent either verbally or by making a mark on the form.

You can withdraw your consent at any time. Contact us on freephone 1800 45 45 55 or email: info@cervicalcheck.ie.

Informed consent

Before signing the form, ask your GP or nurse any questions you have. This will help you give informed consent.

You should understand:

  • the benefits and limitations of screening
  • the possibility that your sample may also be tested for abnormal cells
  • the likelihood and meaning of a normal result
  • what it means if you are called back for further tests
  • when and how you will get your result
  • how your data will be shared with those delivering the programme

Most of this information will be given to you with the consent form. The information is also on this website.

Only sign the consent form when you feel you have all the information you need to make an informed decision.

Page last reviewed: 30 December 2019
Next review due: 30 December 2022