Skip to main content

We use small files called cookies to help us improve your experience on this website and to provide services like web chat. We also use cookies to measure the effectiveness of public health campaigns and understand how people use the website.

Read our cookies policy to find out more about cookies and how we use them.

Diagnosis

Bipolar disorder

If your GP thinks you have bipolar disorder, they'll usually refer you to a psychiatrist or community mental health team.

If your GP or a family member is worried you are at risk of harming yourself you'll be referred as an emergency.

Specialist assessment

The psychiatrist or mental health nurse will assess you. They'll ask you questions and perform a mental state examination. This looks at your overall mood state, thoughts and thinking patterns (cognition).

This is to determine if you have bipolar disorder. If you do, they'll decide what treatments are most suitable.

They will also complete a risk assessment which includes thoughts of suicide or hopelessness.

The psychiatrist or mental health nurse will ask about your symptoms and when you first experienced them. They will ask about how you feel leading up to and during an episode of mania or depression. They will also ask if you have thoughts about harming yourself.

The psychiatrist or mental health nurse will want to know about your medical background and family history. Especially whether any of your relatives have had bipolar disorder.

If someone else in your family has the condition, the psychiatrist may want to talk to them. They'll ask for your agreement before doing so.

They will interview your close family members to get a full objective history of your recent life. This is called collateral history and will only happen with your permission.

Interviews without your permission only happen if there is an immediate risk to your life or someone else’s life. Confidentiality is an important part of you developing trust in the professionals assisting you to recover.

Other tests

Depending on your symptoms, you may also need tests to see if you have a physical problem. For example, an underactive thyroid or an overactive thyroid.

A brain scan and other tests may be required to measure activity in your brain.

If you have bipolar disorder, you'll need to visit your GP regularly for a physical health check.

Advanced directives

If you're diagnosed with the condition, it's important to talk to your psychiatrist. You should be involved in the decisions about your treatment and care.

These are not legally binding in Ireland. But it is always useful to plan how you would like treatment to be if you have a relapse. All treatments are developed to prevent relapses (getting ill again).

You may not always be able to make informed decisions about your care or communicate your needs. Especially if your symptoms become severe. If this happens, it may be possible to draw up an advanced directive.

An advanced decision directive is a set of written instructions. These state what treatments and help you want, or don't want, in advance. It is in case you can't communicate your decisions at a later stage.

Your GP or psychiatrist can give you further help and advice.

Content supplied by the NHS and adapted for Ireland by the HSE.

page last reviewed: 02/10/2018
next review due: 02/10/2021

Do you need to talk to someone right now?

Free call Samaritans 116 123