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Counting carbohydrates

Carbohydrates (carbs) are in foods like:

  • starchy foods like bread, potatoes, rice, pasta and cereals
  • Sugary foods such as sweets, jellies, biscuits and cakes
  • dairy foods such as milk and yoghurts
  • fruit and honey (sugars)

Knowing how many carbs you're eating and drinking helps you manage your blood glucose levels by matching your fast acting insulin dose to the amount of carbs in your meals and snacks.

This means you do not have to inject and eat at the same time every day (fixed dose), so your treatment is more flexible.

You can start learning about carb counting by:

The Irish Nutrition and Dietetic Institute have a booklet on Eating well with Type 1 Diabetes (PDF, 39 pages 1.8KB)

Find out more about carb counting on the Diabetes UK website.

page last reviewed: 27/11/2020
next review due: 27/11/2023

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