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Ingrown hairs

Ingrown hairs cause red, often itchy bumps where a hair has grown back into the skin. There are things you can do to treat and prevent them. In most cases you will not need to contact your GP for treatment.

Check if you have ingrown hairs

Close up of raised, red spots on a man's neck and chin

Ingrown hairs can look like raised, red, itchy spots on the skin. Sometimes you can see a hair trapped under the skin.

You may be more likely to get ingrown hairs if you have coarse or curly hair.

White skin with an infected ingrown hair with pus in the centre of the spot

Infected ingrown hairs can be painful. You may see pus in the spots.

You are more likely to get ingrown hairs in areas you shave, such as:

  • face and neck
  • legs
  • armpits
  • chest
  • back
  • your pubic hair

Waxing, plucking and threading hair can also lead to ingrown hairs.

Things you can do to treat and prevent ingrown hairs

The best way to prevent ingrown hairs is by not shaving.

If you want to remove hair, there are things you can do to prevent ingrown hairs and help them get better quicker.


  • wet your skin with warm water and use shaving gel

  • shave in the direction the hairs are growing

  • use as few strokes of the razor as possible

  • rinse the razor after every stroke

  • hold a cool, wet cloth to your skin after shaving to reduce irritation

  • use an exfoliating scrub to help release any trapped hairs

  • try a different hair removal method, such as hair removal cream

  • try a long-term way of removing hair, such as laser treatment


  • do not shave too close – leaving some stubble can stop bacteria getting in

  • do not use a blunt razor – use a new, sharp, single-blade razor every time you shave

  • do not scratch, pick or squeeze ingrown hairs as this can damage your skin and lead to infection

You can ask a pharmacist about:

  • creams and lotions to help itching
  • shaving and hair removal products to help prevent irritation
  • exfoliating products to help prevent ingrown hairs
  • a mild antiseptic to help prevent infection

Non-urgent advice: Contact your GP if:

  • the ingrown hair or area around it is very painful, hot, red or swollen
  • your temperature is very high, or you feel hot, shivery or very unwell

Treatment from a GP

A GP may be able to treat ingrown hairs by:

  • freeing the hair using a sterile needle or blade (scalpel)
  • prescribing a steroid cream to help swelling and irritation
  • prescribing antibiotic cream or tablets to treat an infection

Content supplied by the NHS and adapted for Ireland by the HSE

Page last reviewed: 15 April 2021
Next review due: 15 April 2024

This project has received funding from the Government of Ireland’s Sláintecare Integration Fund 2019 under Grant Agreement Number 123.