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Athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is a common fungal infection that affects your feet. You can usually treat it with creams, sprays or powders from a pharmacy, but it can keep coming back.

Symptoms of athlete's foot

One of the main symptoms of athlete's foot is itchy white patches between your toes.

See what athlete's foot looks like
Athlete's foot on white skin. Toe is held back to show red, flaky patches that look sore.
Athlete's foot on white skin. Close-up of the bottom of a foot with a red flaky patch behind 1 of the toes.
Red, sore and flaky patches on your feet

It can also cause sore and flaky patches on your feet.

The skin can look red, but this may be less noticeable on brown skin.

See athlete's foot on brown skin
Athlete's foot on brown skin. Toes are spread to show flaky, crusty patches.

Sometimes the skin on your feet may become cracked or bleed.

See cracked skin from athlete's foot
Athlete's foot on white skin. Toes are spread to show cracked skin that looks sore.

Other symptoms

You can get athlete's foot on the soles or sides of your feet. You can also get fluid-filled blisters.


If athlete's foot is not treated, it can spread to your toenails and cause a fungal nail infection.

Causes of athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is a contagious condition.

You can get it by:

  • walking barefoot where someone with athlete's foot has walked, such as in changing rooms and showers
  • touching your foot against the affected skin of someone with athlete's foot

You're more likely to get it if you have wet or sweaty feet, or if you have broken skin on your feet.

Treatment for athlete's foot

It is unlikely that athlete's foot will get better on its own. But you do not usually need to see a GP.

Talk to your pharmacist if you think you have athlete's foot. They will tell you which antifungal medicine to use.

The medicine usually takes a few weeks to work. You can keep using some medicines to stop athlete's foot coming back.

It is important to keep your feet clean and dry.

Antifungal medicines 

Antifungal treatments for athlete's foot are available as:

  • creams
  • sprays
  • powders

They're not all suitable for everyone. For example, some are only for adults. Always check the packaging or ask a pharmacist.

You might need to try a few treatments to find one that works best for you.

Antifungal medicines

Non-urgent advice: Speak to a GP if:

  • treatments from a pharmacy do not work
  • your foot is red, hot and painful - this could be a more serious infection
  • you have diabetes - foot problems can be more serious
  • you have a weakened immune system - for example following an organ transplant

Further tests

Your GP may take a small sample of your affected skin cells.

The sample will be sent to a laboratory to find out what type of fungus is causing your infection. This will help them decide the best treatment. Your GP may prescribe a steroid cream and antifungal tablets.

They may also refer you to a skin specialist (dermatologist) for more tests and treatment. 

Things you can do yourself

There are things you can do yourself to treat athlete's foot and stop it returning:


  • dry your feet after washing them, particularly between your toes

  • pat your feet dry instead of rubbing them

  • use a separate towel for your feet and wash it regularly

  • take your shoes off when at home

  • wear clean socks every day - cotton socks are best


  • do not scratch affected skin - this can spread it to other warm moist areas such as your armpit

  • do not walk around barefoot - wear flip-flops in places like changing rooms and showers

  • do not share your towels, socks or shoes

  • do not wear shoes that make your feet hot and sweaty

Follow this advice even after finishing treatment. This will help stop athlete's foot coming back.

Content supplied by the NHS and adapted for Ireland by the HSE

Page last reviewed: 22 May 2023
Next review due: 22 May 2026

This project has received funding from the Government of Ireland’s Sláintecare Integration Fund 2019 under Grant Agreement Number 123.