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3 to 5 years

By 3 years

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your child will be able to:

  • walk upstairs
  • pedal a tricycle
  • Fine motor

They’ll be able to:

  • copy a circle
  • draw a person’s head

Communication and hearing

Your child will be able to:

  • use 4 to 5 word sentences
  • tell stories

Social and emotional

Your child will play with other children in small groups.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your child can:

  • copy or imitate another person
  • line up 4 objects like blocks or cars in a row

By 4 years

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your child will be able to:

  • hop
  • balance on each foot for 3 seconds

Fine motor

They’ll be able to:

  • copy a square using a crayon
  • draw a cross (+ sign)
  • draw a person in 3 parts

Communication and hearing

Your child will be able to name 4 colours. Their speech will be easy for others to understand.

Social and emotional

Your child will share and take turns when playing with other children. They can sing a song.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your child can:

  • dress up
  • play act
  • name different colours

By 5 years

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your child will be able to:

  • walk ‘heel to toe’ – in a straight line with one foot immediately ahead of the other
    skip

Fine motor

They’ll be able to:

  • copy a triangle
  • draw a person with 6 body parts

Communication and hearing

Your child will know numbers from 1 to 10.

Social and emotional

Your child:

  • has a group of friends
  • uses make-believe and dress-up when playing
  • Problem-solving, learning and understanding
  • Your child can write some letters or numbers.

page last reviewed: 03/12/2018
next review due: 03/12/2021