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0 to 6 months

By 1 month

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will move their head up while lying down on their tummy.

Fine motor

Your child’s hands may be in tight fists but will release their hands. Their eyes may fix on objects and they will prefer to look at faces.

Communication and hearing

Your baby will be alert to sounds and throaty noises.

Social and emotional

Your baby will be getting to know you and bonding.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will prefer to look at faces over objects. They will fix on a bright object and follow it with their eyes.

By 2 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will:

  • move their chest up while lying down on their tummy
  • bob their head in an erect position if they are being held
  • sit with their back supported on your lap

Fine motor

Your baby will:

  • move their eyes to track an object moved past their middle of their body
  • hold a rattle for a brief period
  • have their hands loose and not in fists about half of the time
  • Communication and hearing
  • Your baby will making cooing noises. They’ll look at people who are talking.

Social and emotional

Your baby will have a social smile. This means they smile back at you after you smile at them.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will use their eyes to track an object or a person horizontally past the middle of their body. They can also track vertically to look at something that is moving up or down.

By 3 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will have good control of their head when pulled to sit.

They will rest on their forearms (the part between the elbow and the wrist) while lying down on their tummy.

Fine motor

Your baby will:

  • use their hands to bat at objects
  • have their hands loose and not in fists most of the time
  • use their eyes to follow an object in a circular pattern

Communication and hearing

Your baby will chuckle. They’ll echo the sounds made by someone who is talking.

Social and emotional

Their cries will vary depending on what they are trying to communication. For example, hunger or pain.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will look at a 1 inch block.

By 4 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will roll their body from front to back. They’ll be able to hold their head steady in line with their torso. This will stop their head lagging behind their shoulders when lifted.

Fine motor

Your baby will clutch at objects. They’ll reach out and move their hands while lying on their back.

Communication and hearing

Your baby will:

  • laugh out loud
  • move their body towards a voice
  • make sounds like “ah-goo”
  • listen to people who are talking
  • make a vocal sound when a person stops talking

Social and emotional

Your baby will recognise their mother.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will reach for objects and look at them while holding.

By 5 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will roll their body from back to front. They’ll lift their head when pulled to sit.

Fine motor

They’ll move objects from 1 hand to the other.

Communication and hearing

Your baby will:

  • smile and make vocal sounds when they see themselves in a mirror
  • mimic a person’s voice by making vocal sounds
  • make ‘raspberry’ sounds
  • Social and emotional
  • Your baby will smile spontaneously

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby can reach out and grasp a dangling object. They start to look at small objects with interest.

By 6 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your baby will be able to sit with support. They may prop themselves on their hands.

Fine motor

Your baby will be able to transfer objects from 1 hand to the other.

Communication and hearing

Your baby will make random babbling sounds such as “baba” and “gagaga”.

Social and emotional

Your baby will show a preference for a particular person.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your baby will look to the floor when they drop a toy.

Page last reviewed: 03/12/2018
Next review due: 03/12/2021