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2 to 3 years

By 14 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your toddler will start to walk independently.

Fine motor

They’ll be able to build towers using 2 cubes.

Communication and hearing

Your toddler will be able to say one word at a time, such as “no” or the name of a particular object.

Social and emotional

They’ll play alongside other children but not with them. This is called parallel play.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your toddler will put 2 cubes into 1 hand to help them take a third cube.

By 16 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your toddler will crawl upstairs. Their legs will be stiff when they run.

Fine motor

They’ll be able to build towers using 3 cubes.

Communication and hearing

Your toddler will have a vocabulary of 5 to 10 words.

Social and emotional

They’ll start doing pretend play. This is when your toddler pretends objects or actions are other make-believe objects or ideas as play. For example, pretending blocks are a house or pretending to talk on a phone.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your toddler will find toys hidden under layers.

By 20 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your toddler will walk upstairs while holding your hand.

Fine motor

Your child will be able to:

  • stack 3 to 6 small blocks on top of each other
  • turn the pages of a book by themselves

Communication and hearing

Your toddler will be able to point to 6 body parts.

Social and emotional

They’ll be able to feed themselves and take off clothes.

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your toddler will scribble back and forth using a crayon.

By 24 months

Most babies will achieve these milestones by this age:

Gross motor

Your toddler will be able to:

  • jump into place
  • kick a ball
  • throw a ball

Fine motor

They’ll be able to make a ‘train’ using cubes. They’ll be able to use a crayon or marker to copy a vertical line after seeing you do it first.

Communication and hearing

Your toddler will be able to say 2 or 3 word sentences. They will refer to themselves by their names. They will have 50 or more words in their vocabulary.

Social and emotional

Your toddler will:

  • match objects to pictures
  • imitate or copy others to please them
  • won’t be distressed if separated from you and will continue with their activity

Problem-solving, learning and understanding

Your toddler will continue to do pretend play. They will copy a line drawn on a piece of paper.

Page last reviewed: 03/12/2018
Next review due: 03/12/2021