If babies could talk, they would probably tell us that they have very simple needs. They need to be loved, to be fed, kept warm and safe.
There are a lot of items you can buy for a new baby. This can be overwhelming for new parents. When you come home with your newborn, you won't need too much. Plan in advance to have some essential items ready.
Something to wear
Babies grow very quickly. In the first few weeks, you only need a small amount of clothes. Go for comfortable, soft, easy to wash clothes.
Never put jewellery, ribbon or clothes with strings attached on your baby. Your baby is at risk of strangulation from anything placed on or caught around their neck
- baby grows (all-in-ones)
- a warm hat, coat or all in one suit
- mittens for colder weather
- a sunhat in summer
Somewhere to sleep
- a Moses basket or cot
- a mattress
- cellular blankets (these have 'holes' in them allowing air to circulate and can help prevent your baby overheating)
Your baby should sleep in a Moses basket or cot with a mattress that meets safety standards.
If you are borrowing or buying a second-hand cot or Moses basket, buy a new mattress. The mattress should be firm and flat. It should fit the cot correctly and have a removable, washable cover.
Pillows, cushions, sleep positioners and other similar products are not recommended. They are a suffocation risk
Something to take them out and about
Only use car seats and sitting devices with a 5-way safety harness to prevent your baby falling out. Car seats must be safe and suitable for your baby's height and weight.
Don't buy or use second-hand car seats unless you are completely sure of its safety history.
Pushchairs and strollers are only suitable for newborns if they recline fully.
Most carriers or slings are attached by straps and your baby is carried in front of you. Many babies like this because of the sensation of being close to you and warm. Make sure you use them correctly for your baby's safety.
To take your baby out and about, you'll need:
- a car seat
- a pram or pushchair/stroller
- sling or baby carrier
A changing bag
A changing bag is useful for holding the nappies, wipes and anything else you need when leaving the house. Changing bags generally come with small reusable changing mats.
For trips outside the house, you'll need:
- cotton wool or wipes (do not use wipes until your baby is 4 weeks old)
- nappy bin or paper nappy bags (keep plastic nappy sacks and bags out of your baby's reach – they are a suffocation risk)
- lotions (read the label to make sure they are hypoallergenic, dye-free and fragrance-free)
- a towel or changing mat
Always wash your hands before and after changing a nappy. Bring antibacterial hand wash with you if you're out and about with your baby.
If you are breastfeeding, you will need very little equipment. You may want to make sure you have:
- nursing bras
- breast pads
As your baby grows, you may want to express milk when you are going to be away. It may be worthwhile investing in a breast pump.
If you are formula feeding, you will need:
- sterilised water
- sterilising equipment
- a bottle and teat brush
- a powder dispenser
You'll also need plenty of:
- muslin cloths
Something to keep them clean
Baby bath towels are useful but not essential, small bath towels are just as good.
- a baby bath or basin
If you use second-hand equipment or equipment that you used with an older child, it must meet current safety standards. Make sure it is undamaged and is in perfect working order.
When buying and using equipment, make sure:
- it meets current EU safety standards
- it is in perfect condition
- you assemble, install and use it correctly, as per manufacturer's instructions