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Conditions and symptoms

HSE article for Conditions and symptoms

Reflux in babies

Reflux is where some of the contents in your baby's tummy leak back up into their mouth. Your baby may spit up milk during feeds or refuse to feed. It is different to vomiting.

Colic in babies

Colic is the name for excessive crying in a baby who appears to be healthy and can be very distressing. It's a common problem that affects up to 1 in 5 babies.

Nappy rash

Nappy rash is a red moist broken area on your baby's bottom. Dirty nappies are one of the main causes. Washing, air exposure and protective cream helps it to heal.

  • Herpes in newborn babies (neonatal herpes)

    Neonatal herpes is a herpes infection in a young baby. It can be very serious or even fatal for young babies. Avoid kissing or touching your newborn if you think you have a cold sore.

  • Colds, coughs and viral infections in children

    Children pick up viruses such as cold and flu more easily than adults. Read advice on how to prevent your child from catching a virus and what to do if they do

  • Oral thrush (candida) in babies and toddlers

    Your baby or child probably has oral thrush if they have white patches around their mouth that won't easily rub off or are red, raw or bleed. Bring them to a GP.

  • How to check your child’s temperature

    Find out what to do when you think your child has a temperature or fever, and the type of thermometer to use.

  • Hand, foot and mouth disease in children

    A virus called Entovirus causes hand, foot and mouth disease. It is highly contagious. If your baby has a temperature higher than 38C and feels unwell contact your GP immediately.

  • Croup in babies and children

    Croup is a common virus in young children. It affects their airways and can cause a cough, raspy breath and fever.

  • Asthma in babies and children

    Asthma can affect your child's breathing. Learn the symptoms and how to treat it, and what do if they have an asthma attack.

  • Sticky eyes in babies and toddlers

    Sticky eyes occur when your baby’s tear duct gets blocked and produces a yellow discharge. Red watery eyes indicate conjunctivitis meaning their tear duct is infected and treatment is needed.

  • Eczema in babies and children

    Eczema causes the skin to become red, itchy, dry and cracked. The most common type of eczema is 'atopic eczema', which mainly affects babies and children.

  • Treating vomiting in babies and children

    Vomiting in babies and children is usually caused by a virus or infection, and you can take care of them at home. Sometimes vomiting is caused by something more serious.

  • Tooth decay in children

    How to prevent your child getting tooth decay, good routines to get into and the food and drinks to avoid.

  • Febrile convulsion - seizures in children

    A febrile convulsion is a seizure or a fit, that can happen when a child has a high temperature. Place your child on their side in the recovery position immediately.

  • Meningitis and septicaemia in children and babies

    Symptoms of meningitis can include a high temperature of 38C or above, shivering, being sick, headache, a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but this will not always develop), stiff neck, dislike of bright lights, drowsiness, fits (seizures)

  • Constipation in babies and children

    How to tell if your child is constipated, what you can do deal with constipation, and how to avoid constipation.

  • Diarrhoea in babies and children

    Find out what the main 2 types of diarrhoea are and how long they last for.

  • Whooping cough in babies and children

    Spot the signs of whooping cough in babies, how to treat it, when you should get medical help and what vaccines protect your child.

  • Chickenpox in babies and children

    Chickenpox is a contagious infection common in children under 10, but you can catch it at any age. Symptoms first appear between 10 and 21 days of becoming infected.

  • Jaundice in newborn babies

    Jaundice is common in newborn babies. Your baby might have jaundice if they appear yellow in colour. It usually goes away when your baby is 2 weeks old.

  • Cold sores (babies and children)

    Find out how to prevent passing on a cold sore to your baby and what to do if your baby or older child develops a cold sore.