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Conditions and symptoms

HSE article for Conditions and symptoms

Reflux in babies

If your baby spits up milk during feeds or refuses feed, they may have reflux. This is common and different to vomiting. Find out the signs of reflux in babies.

Colic in babies

Colic is when a baby cries a lot but there's no obvious cause. It's a common problem that should get better on its own. But contact your GP if you're worried.

Nappy rash

Nappy rash is a red moist broken area on your baby's bottom. Dirty nappies are one of the main causes. Washing, air exposure and protective cream helps it to heal.

  • Oral thrush (candida) in babies and toddlers

    Your baby or child probably has oral thrush if they have white patches around their mouth that won't easily rub off or are red, raw or bleed. Bring them to a GP.

  • Mouth ulcers in babies and children

    Mouth ulcers are sores in the mouth. They're common in children. Find out how to treat them. See a GP if they're very painful or white curds that won't wipe off.

  • Conjunctivitis in babies and children

    Your baby or child may have conjunctivitis if their eyes turn red or pink, or if there's a discharge from their eyes. Get urgent help if they're less than 4 weeks old.

  • Head lice in young children

    Head lice are insects that live close to the scalp on human heads. Read advice on how to check for and get rid of head lice in your child’s hair.

  • How to check your child’s temperature

    Find out what to do when you think your child has a temperature or fever, and the type of thermometer to use.

  • Hand, foot and mouth disease in children

    A virus called Enterovirus causes hand, foot and mouth disease. It is highly contagious. If your baby has a temperature higher than 38C and feels unwell contact your GP immediately.

  • Croup in babies and children

    Croup is a common virus in young children. It affects their airways and can cause a cough, raspy breath and fever.

  • Sticky eyes in babies and toddlers

    Sticky eyes occur when your baby’s tear duct gets blocked and produces a yellow discharge. Red watery eyes indicate conjunctivitis meaning their tear duct is infected and treatment is needed

  • Asthma in babies and children

    Asthma can affect your child's breathing. Learn the symptoms and how to treat it, and what do if they have an asthma attack.

  • Eczema in babies and children

    Eczema causes the skin to become red, itchy, dry and cracked. The most common type of eczema is 'atopic eczema', which mainly affects babies and children.

  • Treating vomiting in babies and children

    Vomiting in babies and children is usually caused by a virus or infection, and you can take care of them at home. Sometimes vomiting is caused by something more serious.

  • Febrile convulsion - seizures in children

    A febrile convulsion is a seizure or a fit, that can happen when a child has a high temperature. Place your child on their side in the recovery position immediately.

  • Tooth decay in children

    How to prevent your child getting tooth decay, good routines to get into and the food and drinks to avoid.

  • Meningitis and septicaemia in children and babies

    Symptoms of meningitis can include a high temperature of 38C or above, shivering, being sick, headache, a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but this will not always develop), stiff neck, dislike of bright lights, drowsiness, fits (seizures)

  • Measles (babies and children)

    Recognise the symptoms of measles, how to treat it, how to stop measles spreading.

  • Constipation in children

    How to tell if your child is constipated, what you can do deal with constipation, and how to avoid constipation.

  • Diarrhoea in babies and children

    Find out what the main 2 types of diarrhoea are and how long they last for.

  • Whooping cough in babies and children

    Spot the signs of whooping cough in babies, how to treat it, when you should get medical help and what vaccines protect your child.

  • Chickenpox in babies and children

    Chickenpox is a contagious infection common in children under 10, but you can catch it at any age. Symptoms first appear between 10 and 21 days of becoming infected.

  • Jaundice in newborn babies

    Jaundice is common in newborn babies. Your baby might have jaundice if they appear yellow in colour. It usually goes away when your baby is 2 weeks old.

  • Cold sores (babies and children)

    Find out how to prevent passing on a cold sore to your baby and what to do if your baby or older child develops a cold sore.