Conditions and symptoms
HSE article for Conditions and symptoms
Reflux is where some of the contents in your baby's tummy leak back up into their mouth. Your baby may spit up milk during feeds or refuse to feed. It is different to vomiting.
Colic is the name for excessive crying in a baby who appears to be healthy and can be very distressing. It's a common problem that affects up to 1 in 5 babies.
Nappy rash is a red moist broken area on your baby's bottom. Dirty nappies are one of the main causes. Washing, air exposure and protective cream helps it to heal.
Your baby or child probably has oral thrush if they have white patches around their mouth that won't easily rub off or are red, raw or bleed. Bring them to a GP.
Mouth ulcers are sores in the mouth. They're common in children. Find out how to treat them. See a GP if they're very painful or white curds that won't wipe off.
Your baby or child may have conjunctivitis if their eyes turn red or pink, or if there's a discharge from their eyes. Get urgent help if they're less than 4 weeks old.
Head lice are insects that live close to the scalp on human heads. Read advice on how to check for and get rid of head lice in your child’s hair.
Find out what to do when you think your child has a temperature or fever, and the type of thermometer to use.
A virus called Entovirus causes hand, foot and mouth disease. It is highly contagious. If your baby has a temperature higher than 38C and feels unwell contact your GP immediately.
Croup is a common virus in young children. It affects their airways and can cause a cough, raspy breath and fever.
Asthma can affect your child's breathing. Learn the symptoms and how to treat it, and what do if they have an asthma attack.
Sticky eyes occur when your baby’s tear duct gets blocked and produces a yellow discharge. Red watery eyes indicate conjunctivitis meaning their tear duct is infected and treatment is needed.
Eczema causes the skin to become red, itchy, dry and cracked. The most common type of eczema is 'atopic eczema', which mainly affects babies and children.
Vomiting in babies and children is usually caused by a virus or infection, and you can take care of them at home. Sometimes vomiting is caused by something more serious.
How to prevent your child getting tooth decay, good routines to get into and the food and drinks to avoid.
A febrile convulsion is a seizure or a fit, that can happen when a child has a high temperature. Place your child on their side in the recovery position immediately.
Symptoms of meningitis can include a high temperature of 38C or above, shivering, being sick, headache, a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but this will not always develop), stiff neck, dislike of bright lights, drowsiness, fits (seizures)
Recognise the symptoms of measles, how to treat it, how to stop measles spreading.
How to tell if your child is constipated, what you can do deal with constipation, and how to avoid constipation.
Find out what the main 2 types of diarrhoea are and how long they last for.
Spot the signs of whooping cough in babies, how to treat it, when you should get medical help and what vaccines protect your child.
Chickenpox is a contagious infection common in children under 10, but you can catch it at any age. Symptoms first appear between 10 and 21 days of becoming infected.
Jaundice is common in newborn babies. Your baby might have jaundice if they appear yellow in colour. It usually goes away when your baby is 2 weeks old.
Find out how to prevent passing on a cold sore to your baby and what to do if your baby or older child develops a cold sore.